Unjust but unfortunately true, less able individuals from a higher class find a job more easily than people who are smarter but come from lower social classes. Many already suspected this social injustice. This is now supported by a survey conducted by the Commission on Social Mobility and Child Poverty. The differences are not only between men and women. It is the same for children from rich families and those from more modest backgrounds.
The organization studies the progress of social mobility and seeks to reduce child poverty in the UK. The survey was conducted among 17,000 people in their 40s and found that the least suitable candidates but from wealthy backgrounds still occupied the most prestigious positions.
Abigail McKnight, a professor at the London School of Economics, confirms that the research shows that “less intelligent children from a wealthy family will have when they are 42, 35% more chances of receiving a high salary than those educated in more modest families. ”
These candidates are an obstacle to widespread social mobility and sabotage it because they hold jobs without any merit whereas they could let suitors much more appropriate to work in their place. What element to know a successful career? Education in a private school and a diploma. By way of example, McKnight proposes the case of a 5-year-old boy with inferior cognitive abilities who attended a private school. When they reach the age of 42, they will have an additional 18% chance (29% for girls) of belonging to the 5% of the population with the highest salary in the country.
It’s not just the degree that allows them to move forward. A father who graduated from a prestigious university also helps. McKnight goes one step further: “Even a grandfather with a good degree has a positive impact on the salary of his grandchildren.”
This is most often done through indirect effects such as access to better care or an abundance of resources that will increase individual performance. For example, they do not have to work to pay for their tuition fees, so they can concentrate fully on their studies. In addition, they have the best equipment available and can do unpaid internships or volunteer work in prestigious organizations to expand their experiences.
Alan Milburn warns that it is also the responsibility of employers to offer opportunities and internship opportunities so that less fortunate people can try their luck. The world of work and high-level functions should not only be reserved for children whose network is the most extensive.
Milburn finds it scandalous that the future of a child can still be determined by a series of demographic elements or by belonging to a certain social class. Privileges should no longer be a consideration of luck and success in the professional sphere.